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Achilles Tendoniitis

Achilles tendonitis refers to the inflammation of the Achilles tendon, the large tendon connecting the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is a common condition, especially among athletes involved in sports that require repetitive jumping or running.



  • Overuse: Engaging in intense physical activity without proper rest and recovery.

  • Sudden Increase in Activity: Rapidly increasing the intensity or duration of physical exercise.

  • Improper Footwear: Wearing shoes without proper support or with inadequate cushioning.

  • Tight Calf Muscles: Lack of flexibility in the calf muscles can contribute to strain on the Achilles tendon.

  • Age: Tendons lose elasticity with age, making them more prone to injury.

  • Flat Feet or Overpronation: Structural issues in the feet can contribute to increased stress on the Achilles tendon.



  • PainPain along the back of the leg, near the heel, especially after physical activity.

  • Stiffness: Stiffness in the morning or after periods of inactivity.

  • SwellingSwelling or tenderness in the affected area.

  • Difficulty Walking: Walking or engaging in physical activity may be challenging due to pain.


Diagnosis: A healthcare professional, often a podiatrist, may diagnose Achilles tendonitis through:

Palpating the Achilles tendon and checking for tenderness or swelling, Physical Examination,

Imaging Studies, X-rays or ultrasound to assess the extent of the inflammation and rule out other conditions.

Treatment Options:

  • Rest: Adequate rest to allow the tendon to heal.

  • Ice, Compression, Elevation (R.I.C.E.): Managing inflammation through these measures.

  • Footwear and Orthotics: Supportive shoes and orthotic inserts to reduce strain on the tendon.

  • Physical Therapy: Exercises to strengthen the calf muscles and improve flexibility.

  • Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers or anti-inflammatory drugs.


  • Gradual Progression: Gradually increasing the intensity of physical activity.

  • Proper Warm-up: Warming up before exercise to prepare the muscles and tendons.

  • Appropriate Footwear: Choosing shoes with proper support and cushioning.

  • Stretching Exercises: Regular stretching to maintain flexibility in the calf muscles.

When to Seek Professional Help:

If symptoms persist or worsen despite home care measures, it's essential to consult a healthcare professional, preferably a Podiatrist. 

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