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Flat Feet - Excessive Pronation

Flat feet, also known as fallen arches or pes planus, is a common condition where the arches of the feet flatten, causing the entire sole of the foot to come into contact with the ground. This condition may be present from childhood or develop later in life due to various factors.



  • Genetics: Flat feet can be hereditary, with some individuals inheriting the tendency for low or no arches.

  • Muscular Weakness: Weakness in the muscles that support the arches of the feet can contribute to flat feet.

  • Injuries: Trauma to the foot or ankle, such as fractures or dislocations, can lead to changes in foot structure.

  • Arthritis: Certain types of arthritis can affect the joints in the feet, leading to flat feet.

  • Obesity: Excess weight can put added stress on the feet, potentially causing arch collapse.

  • Pregnancy: The natural weight gain and hormonal changes during pregnancy can contribute to the development of flat feet.



  • Pain: Flat feet may cause pain or discomfort, particularly in the arches or heels.

  • Swelling: Some individuals with flat feet may experience swelling along the inside of the ankle.

  • Foot Fatigue: Feet may tire easily, especially during prolonged periods of standing or walking.

  • Difficulty in Footwear: Finding comfortable shoes may become challenging due to the altered foot structure.


Diagnosis and Treatment:

  • Clinical Examination: A podiatrist will perform a thorough examination of the feet, looking for signs of flat feet and assessing any associated symptoms.

  • X-rays: Imaging tests, such as X-rays, may be used to evaluate the structure of the foot and identify any abnormalities.

  • Orthotic Devices: Custom-made orthotic inserts can provide support and help alleviate symptoms by redistributing pressure on the feet.

  • Physical Therapy: Strengthening exercises can be prescribed to improve the strength and stability of the foot muscles.

  • Footwear Recommendations: Wearing supportive and well-fitted shoes can significantly benefit individuals with flat feet.

For personalised advice and treatment options, schedule a consultation with our experienced podiatrists. We are dedicated to helping you maintain healthy, pain-free feet.

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